An Analysis of a Pressure Compensated Control System of an Automotive Vane Pump

2019-06-10T16:29:10Z (GMT) by Ryan P Jenkins
Pressure compensated vane pump systems are an attractive solution in many automotive applications to supply hydraulic power required for cooling, lubrication, and actuation of control elements such as transmission clutches. These systems feature variable displacement vane pumps which offer reductions in parasitic loads on the engine and in wasted hydraulic energy at high engine speeds when compared to traditional fixed displacement supply pumps. However, oscillations in a currently available pressure compensation system limits the achievable performance and therefore the application of this solution.
This dissertation presents the development and experimental validation of a lumped parameter model in MATLAB/Simulink of a current pressure compensated vane pump system for an automatic transmission oil supply application. An analysis of the performance of this system using the validated pump model and a developed black box control system model reveals that the low cost solenoid valve present in the control circuit to set the regulation pressure limits the achievable bandwidth to 1.84Hz and causes a significant time delay in the response. To address this limitation, as well as eliminate a non-minimum phase zero introduced by the case study’s control circuit architecture, an actively controlled electrohydraulic pressure compensation system is proposed. This proposed system is explored both experimentally and in simulation making use of the accuracy of the presented variable displacement vane pump model. Significant improvements in the achievable system performance are shown with both a simple PI control law (47% reduction in the pressure response time) and an advanced cascaded model following controller based on feedback linearization (58% reduction in the pressure response time). An analysis of these results reveals that implementing the proposed control system with a 5(L/min)/bar proportional valve with a 20Hz at ±100% (60Hz at ±50%) amplitude bandwidth and a PI control law is an economical path to achieving the best performance improvements for this automotive application.