CHARACTERIZATION OF SECONDARY ATOMIZATION AT HIGH OHNESORGE NUMBERS
A droplet subjected to external aerodynamic disturbances disintegrates into smaller droplets and is known as secondary atomization. Droplet breakup has been studied for low Ohnesorge (Oh < 0.1) numbers and good agreement has been seen amongst researchers. However, when it comes to cases with high the Oh number, i.e. atomization where the influence of viscosity is significant, very little data is available in the literature and poor agreement is seen amongst researchers.
This thesis presents a complete analysis of the modes of deformation and breakup exhibited by a droplet subjected to continuous air flow. New modes of breakup have been introduced and an intermediate case with no droplet fragmentation has been discovered. Further, results are presented for droplet size-velocity distributions. In addition, Digital in-line holography (DIH) was utilized to quantify the size-velocity pdfs using a hybrid algorithm. Finally, particle image velocimetry (PIV) was employed to characterize the air flow in the unique cases where drops exhibited no breakup and cases with multiple bag formation.
A droplet subjected to external aerodynamic disturbances disintegrates into smaller droplets and is known as secondary atomization. Secondary breakup finds relevance is almost every industry that utilizes sprays for their application.