Cislunar Mission Design: Transfers Linking Near Rectilinear Halo Orbits and the Butterfly Family

2019-10-16T18:30:00Z (GMT) by Matthew John Bolliger
An integral part of NASA's vision for the coming years is a sustained infrastructure in cislunar space. The current baseline trajectory for this facility is a Near Rectilinear Halo Orbit (NRHO), a periodic orbit in the Circular Restricted Three-Body Problem. One of the goals of the facility is to serve as a proving ground for human spaceflight operations in deep space. Thus, this investigation focuses on transfers between the baseline NRHO and a family of periodic orbits that originate from a period-doubling bifurcation along the halo family. This new family of orbits has been termed the ``butterfly" family. This investigation also provides an overview of the evolution for a large subset of the butterfly family. Transfers to multiple subsets of the family are found by leveraging different design strategies and techniques from dynamical systems theory. The different design strategies are discussed in detail, and the transfers to each of these regions are compared in terms of propellant costs and times of flight.