Human Activity Recognition Using Wearable Inertia Sensor Data adnd Machine Learning

2019-08-16T17:03:02Z (GMT) by Xiaoyu Yu
Falling in indoor home setting can be dangerous for elderly population (in USA and globally), causing hospitalization, long term reduced mobility, disability or even death. Prevention of fall by monitoring different human activities or identifying the aftermath of fall has greater significance for elderly population. This is possible due to the availability and emergence of miniaturized sensors with advanced electronics and data analytics tools. This thesis aims at developing machine learning models to classify fall activities and non-fall activities. In this thesis, two types of neural networks with different parameters were tested for their capability in dealing with such tasks. A publicly available dataset was used to conduct the experiments. The two types of neural network models, convolution and recurrent neural network, were developed and evaluated. Convolution neural network achieved an accuracy of over 95% for classifying fall and non-fall activities. Recurrent neural network provided an accuracy of over 97% accuracy in predicting fall, non-fall and a third category activity (defined in this study as “pre/postcondition”). Both neural network models show high potential for being used in fall prevention and management activity. Moreover, two theoretical designs of fall detection systems were proposed in this thesis based on the developed convolution and recurrent neural networks.