MODELING AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT OF HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES

2019-10-17T18:33:16Z (GMT) by RISHIKESH MAHESH BAGWE
This thesis proposes an Adaptive Rule-Based Energy Management Strategy (ARBS EMS) for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle (P-HEV). The strategy can effciently be deployed online without the need for complete knowledge of the entire duty cycle in order to optimize fuel consumption. ARBS improves upon the established Preliminary Rule-Based Strategy (PRBS) which has been adopted in commercial vehicles. When compared to PRBS, the aim of ARBS is to maintain the battery State of Charge (SOC) which ensures the availability of the battery over extended distances. The proposed strategy prevents the engine from operating in highly ineffcient regions and reduces the total equivalent fuel consumption of the vehicle. Using an HEV model developed in Simulink, both the proposed ARBS and the established PRBS strategies are compared across eight short duty cycles and one long duty cycle with urban and highway characteristics. Compared to PRBS, the results show that, on average, a 1.19% improvement in the miles per gallon equivalent (MPGe) is obtained with ARBS when the battery initial SOC is 63% for short duty cycles. However, as opposed to PRBS, ARBS has the advantage of not requiring any prior knowledge of the engine efficiency maps in order to achieve optimal performance. This characteristics can help in the systematic aftermarket hybridization of heavy duty vehicles.