Methods of Handling Missing Data in One Shot Response Based Power System Control

2019-10-16T17:08:38Z (GMT) by Niraj Dahal
The thesis extends the work done in [1] [2] by Rovnyak, et al. where the authors have described about transient event prediction and response based one shot control using decision trees trained and tested in a 176 bus model of WECC power system network. This thesis contains results from rigorous simulations performed to measure robustness of the existing one shot control subjected to missing PMU's data ranging from 0-10%.

We can divide the thesis into two parts in which the first part includes understanding of the work done in [2] using another set of one-shot control combinations labelled as CC2 and the second part includes measuring their robustness while assuming missing PMU's data.

Previous work from [2] involves use of decision trees for event detection based on different indices to classify a contingency as a 'Fault' or 'No fault' and another set of decision trees that decides either to actuate 'Control' or 'No control'. The actuation of control here means application of one-shot control combination to possibly bring the system to a new equilibrium point which would otherwise attain loss of synchronism.

The work done in [2] also includes assessing performance of the one shot control without event detection.

The thesis is organized as follows:
Chapter 1 of the thesis highlights the effect of missing PMUs' data in a power system network and the need to address them appropriately. It also provides a general idea of transient stability and response of a transient fault in a power system.

Chapter 2 forms the foundation of the thesis as it describes the work done in [1] [2] in detail. It describes the power system model used, contingencies set, and different indices used for decision trees. It also describes about the one shot control combination (CC1) deduced by Rovnyak, et.al. of which performance is later tested in this thesis assuming different missing data scenarios. In addition to CC1, the chapter also describes another set of control combination (CC2) whose performance is also tested assuming the same missing data scenarios. This chapter also explains about the control methodology used in [2]. Finally the performance metrics of the DTs are explained at the end of the chapter. These are the same performance metrics used in [2] to measure the robustness of the one shot control. Chapter 2 is thus more a literature review of previous work plus inclusion of few simulation results obtained from CC2 using exactly the same model and same control methodology.

Chapter 3 describes different techniques of handling missing data from PMUs most of which have been used in and referred from different previous papers. Finally Chapter 4 presents the results and analysis of the simulation. The thesis is wrapped up explaining future enhancements and room for improvements.