Numerical Methods for Single-phase and Two-phase Flows.
2019-01-03T18:22:19Z (GMT) by
Incompressible single-phase and two-phase flows are widely encountered in and underlie many engineering applications. In this thesis, we aim to develop efficient methods and algorithms for numerical simulations of these classes of problems. Specically, we present two schemes: (1) a modied consistent splitting scheme for incompressible single-phase flows with open/out flow boundaries; (2) a three-dimensional hybrid spectral element-Fourier spectral method for wall-bounded two-phase flows.
In the first part of this thesis, we present a modied consistent splitting type scheme together with a family of energy stable outflow boundary conditions for incompressible single-phase outflow simulations. The key distinction of this scheme lies
in the algorithmic reformulation of the viscous term, which enables the simulation of outflow problems on severely-truncated domains at moderate to high Reynolds numbers. In contrast, the standard consistent splitting scheme is observed to exhibit a numerical instability even at relatively low Reynolds numbers, and this numerical instability is in addition to the backflow instability commonly known to be associated with strong vortices or backflows at the outflow boundary. Extensive numerical experiments are presented for a range of Reynolds numbers to demonstrate the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed algorithm for this class of flows.
In the second part of this thesis, we present a numerical algorithm within the phase-field framework for simulating three-dimensional (3D) incompressible two-phase flows in flow domains with one homogeneous direction. In this numerical method, we represent the flow variables using Fourier spectral expansions along the homogeneous direction and C0 spectral element expansions in the other directions. This is followed by using fast Fourier transforms so that the solution to the 3D problem is obtained by solving a set of decoupled equations about the Fourier modes for each flow variable. The computations for solving these decoupled equations are performed in parallel to effciently simulate the 3D two-phase
ows. Extensive numerical experiments are presented to demonstrate the performance and the capabilities of the scheme in simulating this class of flows.