Pollutant and Inflammation marker detection using low-cost and portable microfluidic platform, and flexible microelectronic platform

2019-08-02T18:14:53Z (GMT) by Li-Kai Lin
Existing methods for pathogen/pollutant detection or wound infection monitoring employ high-cost instruments that could only be operated by trained personnel, and costly device-based detection requires a time-consuming field-to-lab process. This expensive process with multiple prerequisites prolongs the time that patients must wait for a diagnosis. Therefore, improved methods for point-of-care biosensing are necessary. In this study, we aimed to develop a direct, easy-to-use, portable, low cost, highly sensitive and selective sensor platform with the goal of pollutant detection and wound infection/cancer migration monitoring. This study has two main parts, including microfluidic, electrical, and optical sensing platforms. The first part, including chapters 2, 3, and 4, focuses on Bisphenol A (BPA) lateral flow assay (LFA) detection; the second part, including chapter 5 focuses on the electrical sensing platform fabrication for one of the markers of inflammation, matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9), monitoring/detection. In chapters 2, 3, and 4, we found that the few lateral flow assays (LFAs) established for detecting the endocrine-disrupting chemical BPA have employed citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles (GNPs), which have inevitable limitations and instability issues. To address these limitations, in chapter 2, a more stable and more sensitive biosensor is developed by designing strategies for modifying the surfaces of GNPs with polyethylene glycol and then testing their effectiveness and sensitivity toward BPA in an LFA. In chapter 3, we describe the development of a new range-extended bisphenol A (BPA) detection method that uses a surface enhanced Raman scattering lateral flow assay (SERS-LFA) binary system. In chapter 4, we examine advanced bisphenol A (BPA) lateral flow assays (LFAs) that use multiple nanosystems. The assays include three nanosystems, namely, gold nanostars, gold nanocubes, and gold nanorods, which are rarely applied in LFAs, compared with general gold nanoparticles. The developed LFAs show different performances in the detection of BPA. In chapter 5, a stable electrical sensing platform is developed for MMP-9 detection.