Regression Principal Analysis

2019-11-27T13:46:05Z (GMT) by Huyunting Huang Sr.
Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is a widely used dimensional reduction method that aims to find a low dimension sub space of highly correlated data for its major information to be used in further analysis. Machine learning methods based on PCA are popular in high dimensional data analysis, such as video and image processing. In video processing, the Robust PCA (RPCA), which is a modified method of the traditional PCA, has good properties in separating moving objects from the background, but it may have difficulties in separating those when light intensity of the background varies significantly in time. To overcome the difficulties, a modified PCA method, called Regression PCA (RegPCA), is proposed. The method is developed by combining the traditional PCA and regression approaches together, and it can be easily combined with RPCA for video processing. We focus the presentation of RegPCA with the combination of RPCA on video processing and find that it is more reliable than RPCA only. We use RegPCA to separate moving object from the background in a color video and get a better result than that given by RPCA. In the implementation, we first derive the explanatory variables by the background information. we then process a number of frames of the video and use those as a set of response variables. We remove the impact of the background by regressing the response against the explanatory variables by a regression model. The regression model provides a set of residuals, which can be further analyzed by RPCA. We compare the results of RegRPCA against those of RPCA only. It is evident that the moving objects can be completely removed from the background using our method but not in RPCA. Note that our result is based on a combination of RegPCA with RPCA. Our proposed method provides a new implementation of RPCA under the framework of regression approaches, which can be used to account for the impact of risk factors. This problem cannot be addressed by the application of RPCA only.