Duality of Gaudin Models

2020-07-29T16:01:34Z (GMT) by Filipp Uvarov
We consider actions of the current Lie algebras $\gl_{n}[t]$ and $\gl_{k}[t]$ on the space $\mathfrak{P}_{kn}$ of polynomials in $kn$ anticommuting variables. The actions depend on parameters $\bar{z}=(z_{1}\lc z_{k})$ and $\bar{\alpha}=(\alpha_{1}\lc\alpha_{n})$, respectively.
We show that the images of the Bethe algebras $\mathcal{B}_{\bar{\alpha}}^{\langle n \rangle}\subset U(\gl_{n}[t])$ and $\mathcal{B}_{\bar{z}}^{\langle k \rangle}\subset U(\gl_{k}[t])$ under these actions coincide.
To prove the statement, we use the Bethe ansatz description of eigenvectors of the Bethe algebras via spaces of quasi-exponentials. We establish an explicit correspondence between the spaces of quasi-exponentials describing eigenvectors of $\mathcal{B}_{\bar{\alpha}}^{\langle n \rangle}$ and the spaces of quasi-exponentials describing eigenvectors of $\mathcal{B}_{\bar{z}}^{\langle k \rangle}$.
One particular aspect of the duality of the Bethe algebras is that the Gaudin Hamiltonians exchange with the Dynamical Hamiltonians. We study a similar relation between the trigonometric Gaudin and Dynamical Hamiltonians. In trigonometric Gaudin model, spaces of quasi-exponentials are replaced by spaces of quasi-polynomials. We establish an explicit correspondence between the spaces of quasi-polynomials describing eigenvectors of the trigonometric Gaudin Hamiltonians and the spaces of quasi-exponentials describing eigenvectors of the trigonometric Dynamical Hamiltonians.
We also establish the $(\gl_{k},\gl_{n})$-duality for the rational, trigonometric and difference versions of Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov and Dynamical equations.