Electronic Fabry-Perot Interferometry of Quantum Hall Edge States

2020-06-23T17:45:07Z (GMT) by James R Nakamura
Two-dimensional electron systems in GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructures have provided a platform for investigating numerous phenomena in condensed matter physics. The quantum Hall effect is a particularly remarkable phenomenon due to its topological properties, including chiral edge states with quantized conductance. This report describes progress made in interference measurements of these edge states in electronic Fabry-Perot interferometers. Previous interference experiments in the quantum Hall regime have been stymied by Coulomb charging effects and poor quantum coherence. These Coulomb charging effects have been dramatically suppressed by the implementation of a novel GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure which utilizes auxiliary screening wells in addition to the primary GaAs quantum well. Using this heterostructure, Aharonov-Bohm interference is measured in very small devices which have greatly improved coherence. Robust Aharonov-Bohm interference is reported at fractional quantum Hall states nu = 1/3 and nu = 2/3. Discrete jumps in phase at nu = 1/3 consistent with anyonic braiding statistics are observed. The report concludes with proposed future experiments, including extending these results to possible non-Abelian quantum Hall states.