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Moderators of a Self-Awareness Intervention for Alcohol-Facilitated Intimate Partner Aggression

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posted on 18.05.2020, 17:42 by Andrea A Massa

Objective: Acute alcohol intoxication has been clearly identified as a risk factor for intimate partner aggression (IPA). There is a critical need for effective IPA interventions that can be applied during episodes of acute intoxication. A self-awareness intervention for general aggression that was designed to be applied during acute intoxication could fill this gap. This intervention is grounded in objective self-awareness and alcohol myopia theories, with the main premise being that intoxicated individuals who are exposed to self-awareness cues should focus on standards of correct behavior, which will serve to inhibit aggression. The purpose of the current study was to apply this intervention to alcohol-facilitated IPA and to examine potential moderators of this effect in order to determine for whom the intervention may be most effective. Method: Participants in the current study included 133 heterosexual community couples with a history of heavy drinking and IPA. Participants took part in a two-session laboratory study investigating the efficacy of this self-awareness intervention. Participants were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 71) or control (n = 62) condition. During the study, they consumed alcohol and participated in an aggression task ostensibly against their romantic partner. Results: Findings were inconsistent with hypotheses. There was no between-group difference in laboratory aggression, and the moderators investigated in this study did not have an impact on the intervention’s efficacy. Conclusions: Present findings suggest that the self-awareness intervention may be ineffective for reducing alcohol-facilitated IPA. Potential explanations for this finding and implications for future research are discussed.

Funding

NIAAA 1R01AA020578-01A1

History

Degree Type

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Psychological Sciences

Campus location

West Lafayette

Advisor/Supervisor/Committee Chair

Dr. Christopher I. Eckhardt

Additional Committee Member 2

Dr. Anne N. Sereno

Additional Committee Member 3

Dr. Daniel Foti

Additional Committee Member 4

Dr. Susan C. South

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