## On the Defining Ideals of Rees Rings for Determinantal and Pfaffian Ideals of Generic Height

thesis

posted on 04.08.2020 by Edward F Price#### thesis

In order to distinguish essays and pre-prints from academic theses, we have a separate category. These are often much longer text based documents than a paper.

This dissertation is based on joint work with Monte Cooper and is broken into two main parts, both of which study the defining ideals of the Rees rings of determinantal and Pfaffian ideals of generic height. In both parts, we attempt to place degree bounds on the defining equations.

The first part of the dissertation consists of Chapters 3 to 5. Let $R = K[x_{1},\ldots,x_{d}]$ be a standard graded polynomial ring over a field $K$, and let $I$ be a homogeneous $R$-ideal generated by $s$ elements. Then there exists a polynomial ring $\mathcal{S} = R[T_{1},\ldots,T_{s}]$, which is also equal to $K[x_{1},\ldots,x_{d},T_{1},\ldots,T_{s}]$, of which the defining ideal of $\mathcal{R}(I)$ is an ideal. The polynomial ring $\mathcal{S}$ comes equipped with a natural bigrading given by $\deg x_{i} = (1,0)$ and $\deg T_{j} = (0,1)$. Here, we attempt to use specialization techniques to place bounds on the $x$-degrees (first component of the bidegrees) of the defining equations, i.e., the minimal generators of the defining ideal of $\mathcal{R}(I)$. We obtain degree bounds by using known results in the generic case and specializing. The key tool are the methods developed by Kustin, Polini, and Ulrich to obtain degree bounds from approximate resolutions. We recover known degree bounds for ideals of maximal minors and submaximal Pfaffians of an alternating matrix. Additionally, we obtain $x$-degree bounds for sufficiently large $T$-degrees in other cases of determinantal ideals of a matrix and Pfaffian ideals of an alternating matrix. We are unable to obtain degree bounds for determinantal ideals of symmetric matrices due to a lack of results in the generic case; however, we develop the tools necessary to obtain degree bounds once similar results are proven for generic symmetric matrices.

The second part of this dissertation is Chapter 6, where we attempt to find a bound on the $T$-degrees of the defining equations of $\mathcal{R}(I)$ when $I$ is a nonlinearly presented homogeneous perfect Gorenstein ideal of grade three having second analytic deviation one that is of linear type on the punctured spectrum. We restrict to the case where $\mathcal{R}(I)$ is not Cohen-Macaulay. This is a natural next step following the work of Morey, Johnson, and Kustin-Polini-Ulrich. Based on extensive computation in Macaulay2, we give a conjecture for the relation type of $I$ and provide some evidence for the conjecture. In an attempt to prove the conjecture, we obtain results about the defining ideals of general fibers of rational maps, which may be of independent interest. We end with some examples where the bidegrees of the defining equations exhibit unusual behavior.