SAR AND TEMPERATURE ELEVATION IN SIX-LAYERED ADULT AND CHILD HEAD MODEL
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With the development of wireless communication technology, second-, third-, fourth-generation transmission systems based on electromagnetic (EM) waves are widely used. At the same time, public concerns have been raised about whether the use of such systems will have an impact on health and safety standards. The heating effect is the most prominent and scientifically verifiable biological effect. So, the influence of EM waves on human body is addressed by studying the heating characteristics on head models.
The objective of this thesis is to study the effects of radio frequency (RF) waves radiation from mobile phones on the human head under different transmission generations. The six-layer head model is used to evaluate the specific absorption rate (SAR) distribution and thermal effect. This model allows to study the effects of SAR and temperature rise without the need for high computational resources. In order to find the effect of temperature rise and exposure time, the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method was used to solve the biothermal equation with appropriate boundary conditions.
Also, different age-dependent head models are used to study the differences of SAR for children at different ages.
In general, the results show that with the increase in frequency, the influence of the EM wave is more pronounced, as demonstrated by the SAR and temperature rise distribution. In addition, SAR distribution of younger ages show a significant increase, which indicates that children exposed to EM waves are subject to more harmed.